Amsterdam, The Netherlands

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Amsterdam, the capital of The Netherlands, is the most bicycle-friendly city in the world. It is estimated that there are around 1,000,000 bicycles in this city. Annually, around 25,000 of bicycles end up in its canals and approximately 10,00 of which are dredged up.

There are 165 canals in Amsterdam which when added up stretches to more than 100 kilometers.  In fact, the 17th-Century Canal Ring Area of Amsterdam inside the Singelgracht has been inscribed into the UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) World Heritage List in 2010.

The Amsterdam Canal District illustrates exemplary hydraulic and urban planning on a large scale through the entirely artificial creation of a large-scale port city. The gabled facades are characteristic of this middle-class environment, and the dwellings bear witness both to the city’s enrichment through maritime trade and the development of a humanist and tolerant culture linked to the Calvinist Reformation. In the 17th and 18th centuries, Amsterdam was seen as the realization of the ideal city that was used as a reference urban model for numerous projects for new cities around the world.” – UNESCO

Aside from canals, Amsterdam  buildings and houses are supported by poles since the city is swampy. Hence, the city is known as the “Venice of the North.

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