The Temple of Ramses II located in the village of Abu Sinbel, Nubia, Egypt together with other monuments in the area have been inscribed into the UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) World Heritage List in 1979.
To save these monuments of outstanding archaeological value from the rising waters, UNESCO launched an international campaign in 1960 to 1980.
“Saving the temples of Egypt and dismantling, stone by stone, the Abu Simbel temple in the early 1960s was a first act to recognize this idea. UNESCO launched an international safeguarding campaign to save monuments in Nubia from being flooded by the waters of Lake Nasser. The construction of the Aswan High Dam in Egypt drew unprecedented international attention to the protection of cultural heritage. At that time, many people thought they had to choose between culture and development, between flourishing crops and the traces of a glorious history. UNESCO has shown that we can have both.
World Heritage is a simple idea, but a revolutionary one – that the world hosts cultural and natural heritage of universal value, which humanity must protect together, as its indivisible legacy.” – UNESCO